Smoking in diabetes
Smoking triples or quadruples the damage to the body caused by diabetes by causing hardening of the arteries. This particularly affects the body's larger arteries to the legs and brain, making amputation and strokes more likely. Similarly, it triples or quadruples the retinopathy progression rate of diabetic complications .
In addtion, smoking doubles the risk of diabetes.
each cigarette increases retinopathy progression rate 15-20% enlarge & press F11
The harmful effect does not depend on whether you smoke cigarettes, a pipe, or cigars, but is more dependent on the amount you smoke. Smoking 5 cigarettes a day is much safer than 20 a day. Excellent websites (below).
The diagram above illustrated the harmful effects, but is very diagramatic. If 20 cigarettes a day triples retinopathy progression (increases it to 300%), that is equivalent to 300/20 = 15% for each cigarette smoked.
Hovever, even 'Just one cigarette a day seriously elevates cardiovascular risk ' BMJ18, so it is best to stop completely.
Stopping smoking reduces depression BMJ 2014
Your partner develops a quarter of the harmful effects you experience. If you smoke 20/day, this is equivalent to your partner smoking 5/day.5 cigarettes a day equivalent increases your partners disease rate by 12-25% or more (cataracts, heart disease, strokes) etc.
The exact figures are not known. 10000 people a year die in the UK from passive smoking, many in the hospitality industry, see .
Similarly partners that smok outside the house and then return inside will be harming their housemates.
- Nicotine patches are twice as effective as E cgiarettes BMJ 19
- E Cigarettes help stopping (they cause 1/20th of the harm of regular cigarettes. BMJ 18 BMJ 18
- An Online Guide to Nicotine Withdrawall
- Alternative Methods to Quit Smoking
- ash.org.uk (UK quitlines)
- Excellent article
- hypnotherapy can be very helpful, helping about one in 8 smokers to stop
- Counselling cand support can be very helpful counselling-directory.org.uk/
- Health Effects
- Be sure you want to stop, know why you want to, be ready, have a plan.
- You can stop, although it can be very hard trying.
- Most smokers go through a cycle preparing-stopping-relapsing before finally stopping.
- Think of the reasons the reasons you want to continue, and the reasons why you want to stop.
- Problems or excuses
- Stress, weight, 'too late', will power, withdrawal symptoms, stop suddenly or gradually
- Understand your habits.
- The day before you want to stop throw away any cigarettes you have
- Stock up on sugar-free gum, raw vegetables, or fruit to munch instead.
- Set a date, and think of all the reasons you want to stop, and write them down.
- Keep thinking of these over the next few weeks.
- Join yoga tai-chi or other relaxation classes, or read how to relax in the librar
- Tell your friends you want to stop and ask for their support.. so they do not keep offering you cigarettes
- If you think you are addicted to cigarettes, and especially if you started age 14 or less, patches or other nicotine replacements may help.
- Think about how you will cope in the pub or with friends or at work
- exercise, learning new things, music and comedy, and making new friends participating in new activities.
- A new hobby can help .. what are your interests.. a holiday with the savings?
See here for details about new lozenges that you can suck instead of smoking a cigarette. They contain nicotine, and are rumoured to be very helpful in helping you to stop smoking. They are available from any chemist.
It is very difficult to stop smoking if you have a chronic mental illness BMJ 15. So mental health problems really need treating first ideally, but the smoking increases the mental health problems, so sometimes this is not possible.