Benefits & evidence: social benefits
Crime. criminal behaviour, and risk taking behaviour
We know exercise reduces criminal behaviour by 30%, and increase academic achievement 10% (discussed here). When we cycle we are more aware of our surroungings, we will look after them better, and will be able to watch those around us. There is considerable evidence that cycling and walking helps us meet our neigbours we otherwise would not see, we tend to use local shops istead of hypermarkets several miles away, and this helps the area retain its facilities. Fewer corner shops, post offices, swimming pools, and librarires will close. All this.makes us feel happier and more included in our local community. See more evidence and here.
Cycling is particularly effective at reducing behaviour, including crime, by reducing social exclusion. This is an excellent and detailed report. Cyclists get to meet more people, look after others, and are more aware of their surroundings. In this way street crime is reduced. Sport and exercise are an essential part of any drug-use reduction program (European Union).
Good public transport is crucial in reducing social exclusion (and thereby reducing crime and poverty). Cycling and a bus lane network would improve access to good public transport.